COORDINATION OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT POLICY 2004
The Tanzania’s Development Vision envisages that by the year 2025, a large segment of the economy will be owned by Tanzanian citizens. Realization of this Endeavour involves a two-sided simultaneous process of empowering Tanzanians economically; creation of a favourable business environment which is effectively competitive domestically and internationally on one side; and availing equal opportunities to all social groups of citizens to develop economically, on the other side. It is against this background that the National Economic Empowerment Policy was established in 2004 and its Act was enacted in 2004; and consequently the establishment of the National Economic Empowerment Council (NEEC) to oversee deliberate and affirmative action and measures undertaken by the Public and Private sectors, for the purpose of promoting and enhancing knowledge, skills, economic prowess and financial prudence of Tanzanians, to enable them to participate meaningfully in economic activities.
The Policy is organised in 9 pillars as indicated in Figure: 1 below of which NEEC developed the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework for Economic Empowerment (NMSFEE).
Figure 1: Pillars of the National Economic Empowerment Policy, 2004.
The NMSFEE is a coordinating tool of the implementation of the Policy in order to ensure meaningful participation of Majority Tanzanians in the ownership and management of their country’s economy. harmonizes planning and coordination of sectoral and multisectoral economic empowerment activities; and synchronizes the roles of all stakeholders of economic empowerment in Tanzania and state specific activities to be undertaken by each stakeholder, expected outcomes, modality and mechanism of collaboration, and the requisite indicator for monitoring and evaluation.
In order to ensure proper implementation of NMSFEE, NEEC prepared its implementation Guidelines that shows relationship of implementing structures through establishment of Empowerment Committees from National to Village/Street Levels and Empowerment Desks.
In coordinating stakeholders of economic empowerment process in this context therefore the NEEC has to follow up and ensure that;
- Empowerment desks are established at Ministry, Regional, Local Government Council, Ward and Village levels;
- Empowerment committees are established at Ministry, Regional, Council, Ward and Village levels;
- All empowerment desks and committees are functional and implementation reports are available at all levels;
- National Multi-sectoral Consultative Committee (NMCC) meets annually to deliberate implementation status of the Policy; and
- National Annual Economic Empowerment Forum is held as scheduled in the NMSFEE’s Implementation Guidelines.
Coordination Structure is demonstrated in Figure 2: below.
Fig. 2: Empowerment Coordination structure